Charles James was born in 1906 in Sandhurst, England. In 1926 at the young age of 19 James opened his first hat shop in Chicago calling it the name of a school friend, Charles Boucherdon. Two years later James left Chicago with barely anything and went to Long Island. There he opened a hat shop over a garage, where he began making his first dress designs. Through the years James became more successful and showed one his most successful collections in Paris in 1947. Charles wasn’t like most designers he and his customers looked at his dresses as pieces of art and payed little attention to the seasons. James was well known for his ball gowns, capes, and coats. In 1958 James finally retired and died on September,27, 1978 in New York City, Charles James was known as America’s first couturier and was considered a master.
Lee Alexander McQueen was born March,17,1969. At a young age McQueen became interested in designing, he used to make dresses for his three sisters. At 16 he left to apprentice at Savile Row tailors, Anderson & Sheppard, Gieves & Hawkes , and at Angels and Bermans who specialized in theatrical costuming. All of his apprenticing got him a reputation for having and creating garments that looked perfectly tailored. McQueen then went to school for fashion school and then later graduated. McQueen was convinced by a fashion stylist who bought his entire graduation collection to go by the name Alexander McQueen. He went on to launch more collections and began designing for people such as David Bowie. McQueen was known for shocking and surprising the audiences at his fashion shows. McQueen was awarded British Designer of the Year award four times and was named International Designer of the Year. By 2007 McQueen had stores in London, New York, Los Angeles, Milan and Las Vegas. Sadly on February,11, 2010 McQueen committed suicide.
Gabrielle Chanel was born in Saumer, France on August, 19, 1883. Chanel was raised in orphanages due to the loss of her mother at a young age and due to the fact that her father could not provide for her. There she learned from nuns how to sew. in 1910 Chanel opened her first hat shop in Paris. She then opened another store in Deauville. In 1914 Chanel used the war to her advantage and began making clothes that were easy to work in, which revolutionized they way women dressed forever. In 1915 she opened another store in Biarritz . Chanel later on launched her new and first perfume Chanel No.5 which gained popularity quickly. Suddenly things began slow down at the start of W.W.2 and Chanel decided to take a break from fashion. In 1954 Chanel hopped back on the fashion scene and created a new collection which received bad reviews. In 1971 unfortunately Chanel died at the age of 87.